Qaitbay’s Citadel

The Citadel of Qaitbay was constructed in the 15th century during the reign of sultan Ashraf Qaitbay. It is located on the Mediterranean sea coast where the famous Pharos Lighthouse (one of the world's Seven Wonders) used to stand. The citadel was built to defend Egypt from the Ottomans whose power was increasing in the Mediterranean. It continued to function during most of the reign of the Mameluks and the Ottomans. After the British bombardment of Alexandria in 1883, it was neglected until the 20th century, when it was restored by the Egyptian Supreme Counsel of Antiquities.